How to Become a Medical Doctor in Nigeria

The medical field is certainly the most sought after field for most Nigerian students career-wise. Every year, applicants go to JAMB offices with medicine and surgery as their desired course selection on their JAMB forms. In this article, we’ll give you hints on how to become a medical doctor in Nigeria.

For some, this selection is powered by the productive nature of the field medical doctors are also among the top paid specialists in the world and for others, there is an honest desire to save lives as doctors.

The competitive nature of the course selection, as well as the strictness of the medical profession means that it is usually not easy to obtain admission into Nigeria universities to study medicine and surgery.

Most students in secondary schools are now gearing up for JAMB registration, where they’ll fill in medicine and surgery as their preferred course option, and follow the paths of those that have studied the course.

How to Become a Medical Doctor in Nigeria

Requirements To Study Medicine And Surgery In Nigeria.

A medical degree is the only thing that makes eligible for you to work as a medical doctor in Nigeria and anyplace in the world. To do this, you’ll need to go pass through the education system in Nigeria from crèche, secondary level then advance to the university.

SSCE and utme – Your trip in becoming a medical doctor begins with your secondary school teaching. You must be done with your secondary school education by successfully clearing your SSCE examinations (WAEC, NECO, GCE) & attain the mandatory number of credits in all your important subjects such as Mathematics, English, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology It is important to note that every university across Nigeria has a required UTME cut-off mark for medicine and surgery, with the range being around 300-400.

Gaining admission through direct entry and remedial programme:

Apart from UTME, you can be given admission to study medicine in Nigeria by direct entry or a remedial/pre-degree program.

For the direct entry application, you’ll need to have studied a medicine-related course in any other higher Institution of learning to be offered admission.

For remedial programmes, it is necessary to take some prerequisite medical courses and go for a test during the course of one year at the university you’re in search of admission into.

The moment you are done with the remedial course, you’ll be granted admission into the university to study medicine and surgery.

Medicine and surgery is a 6-years degree programme and during the course of the 6 years, you’ll be studying other courses that are important to the medical field.

You’re expected to pass all your courses successfully before you’ll be awarded your degree and operational license.

First year (100L) coursework

Typically, in the first year, you’ll be taking courses that are more or less a reminder of some of the stuff you did in secondary school, plus some added workload.

You’ll study courses in chemistry, biology, physics, zoology & mathematics. There will also be distinct practical courses in chemistry, physics, and biology.

It is necessary that you take and pass exams in every of these courses. If you should fail any of the courses, you must repeat your entire first year.

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Pre-clinical period (200L-300L)

After the first year, you’ll move to your 200L, which is commonly referred to as the pre-clinical period you’ll be doing only medical courses in anatomy, embryology, histology, physiology, biochemistry, and community medicine.

You’ll also take practical classes in gross anatomy where you are expected to carry out dissections on cadavers. The aim of these courses is to train you on the regular body roles of the human body.

You’ll not be made to write any exam in your second year, even though there will be sequence of tests. Your following examination will come up after the pre-clinical period in your 300L.


This exam will be the first professional exam. It is called the second M.B.B.S professional examination, and is a mixture of all you’ve done all through your pre-clinical period from 200L-300L.

Clinical period (400L-600L)  

From the fourth year to the sixth year, you’ll be allocated with clinical accomplishments, and lectures at this phase mostly take place in the teaching hospital of the university.

In 400L, you’ll take courses in pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, medicine and surgery. After the fourth year, it is compulsory to write your third M.B.B.S examination before you’ll proceed to 500L.

In 500L, you’ll be take courses in pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, and community medicine. Under community medicine, you’ll be mandated to draft a medical project on any topic you desire, and carry out a field act.


Under this course, you’ll be required to clerk a patient, carry out tests and some laboratory inquiries on the patient, as well as recommend possible treatment(s) to whatsoever illness you detect.

At the end of the academic year, when you’ve successfully passed this examination, you’ll be given an M.B.B.S degree and inaugurated into the medical profession and given a license to work as a doctor in Nigeria and any place in the world.

The M.B.B.S degree is equal to a Master’s degree in Nigeria. since medical schools do not make use of Grade points, there are no First Class, Second or Third Class degrees given in medicine.

All students who pass out from medical schools in Nigeria are given the same degree. Once you are done with your 6-year degree program, you can advance for your internship at any MCDN (Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria) hospital you desire.


The medical career is an honorable one. Doctors all over the world are tasked with the load of saving lines and guaranteeing the health of people in their several countries.

The work they’re loaded with is the purpose they’re very much appreciated and loved. Becoming a doctor is nevertheless a difficult task. The extensive period of study, many exams, and bulky workload, however it is still worth it.

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