Fish farming is the rearing of creatures in the water some of which include fish, shellfish, mollusks and aquatic plants with the help of humans to improve productivity. On this post you will learn how to begin fish farming business in Nigeria .
Whether you’re planning to begin small scale fish farming or a huge profitable fish farming business here are guidelines you must adhere to
How to Begin Fish Farming Business In Nigeria
1. Obtain A Good Site
You must choose if you’re beginning your fish business on a major or small scale. If you’re beginning on a small scale, you can choose to start at your backyard with a tank but if it’s major you may need to purchase or rent one or few fish ponds outside your home.
2. Acquire A Clean Source Of Water
What we humans consider as good water is not what fishes consider as good water. We can drink treated water but such water might be toxic to the fish as a result of the substances used to treat the water for human consumption.
The size of your intended fish farm controls the quantity of water needed. If you’re starting a small scale fish business, you may be at ease with a nearby well but if you’re starting fish farming as a big business venture, then you’ll need well or bore hole
3. Choose The Right Fish Pond
Just like humans, fishes need relaxed place to dwell. The more normal and comfy the pond is, the healthier for them. Fish ponds are of several sizes and their cost differ depending on your location and want.
What you should do is to step out, locate fish farms nearby, visit fish feeds seller. Visit skilled bricklayers and ask questions which will be useful to you in that environment, since they are in the vicinity.
4. Decide The Right Type Of Fish To Farm
There are hundreds of species in the fish family. this means you as a potential fish farmer have to select the kind you want as you’re beginning your own fish farming business. Nevertheless, you’re likely to be fine with common types grown in your area.
5. Get Healthy Juveniles
Juveniles are little fishes you’ll need to grow to table-size. Ensure you go for a trustworthy fish hatchery to avoid getting unhealthy juvenile. There are fish farmers that focus in producing fingerlings and trading juveniles.
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6. Select The Correct Fish Feeds.
When feeding your fish both quality and quantity must be taken care of. Feed them properly with quality fish feed. There are three means of food for fishes.
- Natural fish feed. This is located naturally in the pond and it comprise; detritus, bacteria, plankton, worms, insects, snails, aquatic plants and fish
- Supplementary fish feed. This usually includes reduced materials locally obtainable like terrestrial plants, kitchen wastes or agricultural by-products. Supplementary feed may be decent, but they are not for serious fish farmer
- Complete feed. This is a fish feed cautiously made which contains decent element and nutrients, made by the professionals who comprehend the faultless method for fishes at various stage.
7. Begin Advertising Your Fishes Before They Are Developed.
Most people who are starting fish farming business in Nigeria are making the error of assuming that the market is already there while it is not. You should to begin advertising your fish, even before they are developed.
8. Be Business Minded
Most would-be fish farmers reason “it’s only about nurturing the fish and selling them” but they are mistaken. Fish farming is a business and if you must thrive in this project, you must tackle it as a serious business.
9. Fish Nutrition
Fish needs a balanced diet to grow well. A balanced diet is one that contains proteins, fats, carbohydrates & vitamins and in the adequate proportion. It is vital to know what your fish needs when purchasing any fish feed.
Protein necessities for smaller fish are advanced than for larger fishes. It is not wise for fish farmers to use high protein as it may be lost to the environment. Fresh protein is transformed to ammonia and defecated as urea, creating contamination to the water.
Fats are vital high-energy nutrients that supply about double the energy as proteins and carbohydrates. Fats usually contain 8-12% of fish diets.
Carbohydrates are vital basic of fish feed as they give energy. In addition, starch is important in the extrusion manufacturing of floating feed. The extrusion way makes it more physically obtainable to fish.