How To Start A Restaurant Business In Nigeria

Restaurant business, how profitable? Restaurant business in Nigeria is extremely profitable because food is regarded as the main basic need of man amongst shelter and clothing. Whether you are fasting or busy you will still eat after all so nobody can escape not eating food.

Because of the rush in life many people cannot spare time to cook, some can’t even create time to go to the market to buy foodstuff not to talk of cooking. For most individuals it is because of the nature of their occupation while others is because they are just lazy.

Buying of already prepared food from Buka cuts across all grade both married, singles, students etc., and we have quite a number of them that form aje butter there are numerous names given to food business like: restaurant, food vendors, mama put. Buka and joint, eatery. Canteen. The way it functions defines the name.

Restaurant business has been existing right from ancient time but because of the rise in information and sophistication it has been taken to another level.

Things needed to Start Restaurant Business in Nigeria

  • Space
  • Utensils (pots, kettles, frying pan etc.)
  • Cutlery (spoons, forks, knife etc.)
  • Tables
  • Chairs
  • Table mats
  • Hand towel
  • Toothpick/container
  • Containers for spices: ground pepper, garlic, salt etc.
  • Soap
  • Stove or gas cooker
  • Fridge
  • Freezer
  • Buckets
  • Bowls
  • Scapula
  • Fan/Air conditioner
  • Television or radio

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Requirement for Restaurant Business in Nigeria


It is ideal to situate your restaurant in a visible and populated area. You can establish it in a marketplace, school environment, motor park, office area especially where many offices are located example banks. Others are commercial centers, institutions etc.


There is need to rent or get a shop in accordance to the type of restaurant business you are setting and the capital at your disposal. If it is executive restaurant you can get a big and spacious shop so that you can arrange the chairs in a manner that they won’t be too close to each other.

If you have visited a buka before, you will have to squeeze yourself to pass a table to your own, and this is what many people frown at. You need a store in your shop where you will be keeping washed equipment’s and foodstuffs.

A space for washing of utensils should be separated from where prepared foods are kept and a canter should be constructed for your customers to place order and pick the foods by themselves.


You must have reasonable sum of money at hand before beginning your buka and joint business. Sew your cloth according to the size of your cloth, that’s actually an adage that makes sense big time.

Start with what you have and grow it or get a loan. Before acquiring loans, map out your restaurant business strategy after taking feasibility study in restaurants around your area. A different way of acquiring capital is to request from friends and family.

Even if you are beginning your eatery business for individuals to manage for you, there is need to have to acquire knowledge on how the business is done. It will help you know what to expect and what it entails. Go to a restaurant that is viable and get some training or you employ qualified caterer and smartly learn from them.

Employ Good Hands

One of the things that will retain people patronizing your restaurant is when you serve delicious meals. Hire at least a caterer to be in charge of the cooking then employ other hands to help in both the cooking and serving. Like i said earlier restaurant business is very demanding, you can’t do it all by yourself except when you just started or when you have few targeted audience.

Naturally, people are attracted to good things and nice environment. Set up your buka and joint business in an organize way. The environment should be neat and smell good. You will not want people to be fighting with flies while eating. If possible, sew uniforms for your staff: apron and hair coven

Cleanliness is said to be next to godliness so take this very serious in your canteen business.

Foods To Cook

  • Rice and stew
  • Jollof rice
  • Coconut rice
  • Fried rice
  • Plantain pottage or fried
  • Beans • Eba and soap
  • Pounded yam and soup
  • Semo and soup or stew
  • Moi moi

Make various dishes like amala, ekpang nkukwo, edikang ikong soup, white soup, ohia soup, gbegiri, miea nkuker, twoo etc. Trade other things like mixed drinks, snacks, water, boiled eggs, fried meat, chicken and so on.


Commence your restaurant business today don’t wait until you have much money. You can begin from your home then upgrade as you enlarge.

These are guidelines that will enhance your business, make it outstanding and attract more customers to you are:

  • Neatness
  • Good food
  • Price
  • Good customer care
  • Availability
  • Serve hot food

People should not come and be waiting for food to be ready. Wake up on time and cook the foods. You and your staffs ought to be friendly to customers, people love such places. The price should be cheap so that you can attract more customers. The more the customers the more money you get.

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