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How To Start A Successful Egusi (Melon) Farming Business


Egusi soup is one of the most commonly consumed foods in most Nigerian states, especially the Eastern regions.

It is an uncomplicated one pot meal that is often accompanied with swallows like fufu, amala, eba, pounded yam and many others. Some people also serve it with rice and other other foods that are not swallows.

Egusi business in Nigeria, how profitable?

There is a very high demand for egusi both within Nigeria and outside her borders that you wouldn’t have to be bothered on how to get customers. One shocking thing is that many Nigerian entrepreneurs are yet to see the goldmine in egusi business.

Like I earlier said, the egusi soup is one of the most loved soup in Nigeria. In most Nigerian homes, the egusi soup takes precedence over every other soup.

The name ‘egusi’ originated from the Igbo tribe, but the soup is still widely consumed in the other tribes. For example, the Yorubas call it ‘efo elegusi’ while the Hausas call it ‘miyan gushi’.

Other names that people often use to address the ‘wild melon’ include vine of sodom, colocynth, wild gourd, bitter apple, desert gourd and bitter cucumber.

Melon producing states in Nigeria

Melon seed is widely grown in Nigeria, in fact, Nigeria accounts for about 60% of the total production in West Africa. The areas of high melon seed production include Benue, Enugu, Kogi, Taraba and Nasarawa states.

You will also see people planting the melon in Imo, Abia, Anambra and Ebonyi States. This is satisfy the demand for the product.

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How to farm melon

The melon is planted the same was as other crops like watermelon, maize and okra. While the egusi seeds can be planted in nursery, planting them directly to the field is advisable or more preferable due to their fragile nature. Any sudden shock or injury on the crop can result in death or delay in growth.

Let’s go through the steps you should take to start egusi farming business:

  • Land selection/preparation

Melon seeds require just the right amount of water to yield better results. The best soil for planting the seeds are the sandy-loam or slightly clayey soil rich in organic matters.

Immediately after selecting the soil, you will proceed to the tilling stage to prepare it for cultivation. If you’d be farming in the South South regions, you might not bother about making ridges and beds because the land is already arable. In the other hand, if your choice farmland is hard, it is advisable you first till or plot the ground.

In addition, avoid planting the seeds in waterlogged areas because they won’t survive. Like I earlier said, melon seeds do well with just the right amount of water. The best pH for planting is 6.0-7.0.

  • Planting

The best time for planting the melon seeds is between April and June. The seeds are planted with the shell. You can drop 2 to 3 seeds into a hole of 2cm and cover lightly with soil. A 2m by 2m spacing should be kept while planting the seeds and the seeds can be inter-planted with cassava.

As you should already know, the egusi plants grow into vines, so you will have to support the vines once they start growing. The melon seeds start maturing at 4 -5 months, and depending on the kind of seeds and soil quality, a melon stem can yield a produce of about 10-15 heads.

  • Application of manure

You should apply fertiliser in every stage of their development, ie; germination, sprouting, flowering and fruiting. It is preferable you go for the organic manure like animal dung, but when using inorganic, go for NPK 15 15 15 and urea.

  • Weeding

The ground cover by the egusi crops suppresses the weeds, so you won’t have to weed after four weeks of planting. However in its early stage, you still need to watch out for weeds and clear them for optimum yield.

The nature of the egusi makes it suitable for inter planting with maize, cassava and other crops. You will just need to weed the farm once after planting the melons until they are harvested.

  • Pest/disease control

Common pests that might affect your egusi plants include fruit flies, mites and whiteflies. You can control the pests by applying insecticides and pesticides.

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About the diseases, a common disease that might affect the crop is the mosaic, a viral disease that might lead to a stunted growth in the plants.

  • Harvesting

The melons typically mature within four months after planting. They can be harvested as soon as they stems dry or immediately the melon gourds turn from green to a yellowish-white colour. Kindly note that melons are not like the watermelon, so if not picked quickly, the’d start cracking.

Immediately after harvesting, the gourds will be broken with a hard stick and left for a maximum of two weeks to decompose. The next step after decomposition is de-hulling of the seeds into a big bowel for washing. Wash as many times until they’re clean for drying and storage.


Marketing your egusi shouldn’t be an issue because it already has a relatively large market. You can either sell directly to consumers or supply to various wholesalers and consumers in the markets.

Restaurants, hotels, eateries and schools (boarding houses) will also be a good target as they use them regularly in large quantities

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How To Download Youtube Videos To Phone

how to download youtube videos to phone

Everybody desires to download their sought after video into a phone gallery. But when you download YouTube video, the video will display only in the library of the YouTube app. It doesn’t display in your phone gallery. On this post, we’ll be looking at how to download youtube videos to phone.

Just follow these methods to save YouTube videos into your phone gallery. To enable you play it any time you want from offline without the necessity for an internet connection.

How To Download Youtube Videos To Phone

  1. Open the YouTube app on your Android mobile.
  2. Search for your desired video. After locating your desired video, click on it. Then it begins to play.
  3. You can notice numerous selections like, dislike, share, download and save. There are two share icons, one is at the top right of the YouTube video player display and another one is beneath the YouTube video player. You can use any one of that share icon.

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  1. Click on the share icon and you’ll observe different share logos on the screen. Beside the share logos, there is a copy link logo.
  2. Click on the copy link logo, and the link of the chosen video will be copied.
  3. Open the save from website with chrome.
  4. You will observe the search bar like paste your video link here in the above figure. Then place the link of your preferred video which was gotten from the youTube in the URL .
  5. After pasting the link in the search bar, the link will be administered and your wanted video will be displayed on that page.
  6. Lastly, select the video feature you need from the provided list and tick on the download selection. Within little minutes, your wanted video will be saved to your phone gallery instead of youTube downloads.

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How To Prepare Delicious Ofe Owerri Soup

How To Prepare Delicious Ofe Owerri Soup

Ofe Owerri is one of the most expensive Nigerian soups native to the people of Owerri, Imo state. It is a representation of the Owerri people of the Eastern part Nigeria. On this post, you’ll learn how to prepare delicious Ofe owerri soup.

Ofe Owerri means ‘Owerri soup’ and the people of Owerri are so delighted of this rich and exclusive soup that songs have been presented about it. Ofe Owerri signifies wealth by the amount and quality of the ingredients used. Ofe Owerri worth all the publicity and admiration because it is delightful to the maximum.

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How To Prepare Delicious Ofe Owerri Soup


  • 1 big sized dry fish
  • 1 huge sized stockfish
  • Pumpkin leaves
  • Okazi leaves
  • 3 tablespoon of palm oil
  • 5 medium-sized ede
  • 1 tablespoon of ogiri
  • 1 onion
  • 3 tablespoon of ground crayfish
  • 3 teaspoon of pepper
  • 4 cubes of seasoning
  • Salt
  • Water


  1. Begin by steaming your cocoyam (Ede) first.
  2. In a different pot, cook your meat, stock fish and dry fish, with three cubes of seasoning, onions, salt with a little quantity of water at first to let the meat soak up the ingredients.
  3. Then pour a substantial quantity of water that will make up the size of the soup.
  4. While the meat heats, take out your cocoyam which must be tender, and pound.
  5. Once the meat is soft, pour your palm oil and ede together as the palm oil allows the cocoyam melts.
  6. Add your crayfish, ogiri, pepper and the Okazie leaves then allow it cook for a while.
  7. Taste to know if any item is not signified in the food, before adding pumpkin leave (ugu).
  8. Let it boil for a minute,
  9. Serve with whatever swallow of your choice.

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How To Prepare Ukwa (African Breadfruit)

How To Prepare Ukwa (African Breadfruit)

Ukwa also known as (African breadfruit) is certainly one of the prevalent foods in Nigeria; it is a popular delicacy in Igboland. On this post, we will learn how to prepare Ukwa (African Breadfruit).

African breadfruit or Ukwa pod is gotten from the large ukwa tree. The weighty Ukwa pod drops on the ground and is sort out to obtain the delicious ukwa seeds.


  • 6 cups of ukwa
  • Potash (akanwu) teaspoon
  • Fresh pepper (about 5)
  • Ogiri (optional) (a local ingredient)
  • Maggi (half cube)
  • Salt to taste
  • Red oil (100ml)
  • 2 cups of maize.

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How To Prepare Ukwa (African Breadfruit)


  • Rinse the ukwa seeds, It is essential to wash severally in a bowl with a lot of clean water. Use a plastic sieve to ensure that every unseen tiny stones are sorted out.
  • Fix a cooking pot on heat, pour 5 cups of water and commence cooking the ukwa (breadfruit). Once it boils, dissolve the potash in one cup of water, filter in the clear water and pour the potash dispose the residue.
  • It is necessitating to note that Ukwa does not always get soft (done) without using the substance (potash).
  • There is a different item that aids the same function as potash; it is in form of ash obtained from burnt palm fronds. It is locally referred to as Ngu and is a common choice amongst the Igbos.
  • If you want to make Ukwa with Ngu apply the same process/method as though you are using potash, melt in a cup of water and let it dissolve for a minute before sieving.
  • Boil till the Ukwa till it is soft for eating and you can serve. Certain persons prefer to enhance a pinch of salt while certain part of Igbos doesn’t use salt for this particular recipe.

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