Plantain flour is a lucrative business that may be conducted anywhere in Nigeria. Because of its health benefits, demand for it is growing by the day. Plantains are high in fiber, which is beneficial to the body.
Plantain is available in great numbers all year. Plantains are primarily grown in Nigeria’s southern regions. Nigeria is currently the leading plantain grower in West Africa. Plantain flour is made by peeling plantains, drying them, and milling/grinding them into powder.
WHY SHOULD YOU BE INVOLVED IN PLANTAIN FLOUR PRODUCTION BUSINESS?
Plantain is in high demand due of its health benefits. Plantains are high in vitamins A, B, and C. Diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, obesity, and other diseases can all benefit from plantain.
Plantain, which is the main product used in production, can be purchased anywhere, at any time.
Because there are few people producing, the market for it is huge, and producers are struggling to satisfy demand. We can call it a goldmine that has yet to be discovered by many.
It’s a wonderful alternative to cassava flour since it gives them more options.
It employs a large number of people. Reduce your financial strain.
PLANTAIN FLOUR MATERIALS REQUIRED
Plantain flour is made entirely of plantain, with no additives or preservatives. As long as the plantain chips or flakes were thoroughly dried before processing, they should keep their shelf life until ready for use.
PLANTAIN FLOUR REQUIRED EQUIPMENT
A drying machine,
A slicing/chipping machine,
A milling machine, and a
All of this can be obtained locally or purchased from a foreign source. Locally, you can get them from the National Research Institute for Technology (NARICT) in Kaduna or the Federal Institute Of Industrial Research (FIIRO) in Lagos.
PROCESS FOR MAKING PLANTAIN FLOUR ON A LARGE SCALE.
Sorting: Entails separating the plantains that will be used from those that will not be used. Plantain pulp must be well matured before being used to make plantain flour.
Weighing: It is necessary to weigh the plantain chips in order to determine the weight of the chips to be used in production.
Blanching: Because the production of plantain flour is for commercial purposes, it is necessary to place the plantain in very hot water for a few minutes before peeling to soften or weaken the bark before peeling, which is known as blanching.
Peeling: To avoid waste, sharp objects such as knives are used for peeling (removing the bark of plantain fruit). There are machines that can handle this on a large scale.
Slicing/chipping: This is done with a machine for an easier and faster result. The pulp is cut into small pieces (chips).
Drying: The pulp is dried for a few minutes in a drying machine (dryer) (short time).
Milling: The sliced pulp is milled using a hammer mill. This is extremely important. It is one of the essential pieces of equipment.
Sieving: To ensure uniform size, the milled plantain should be sieved.
Packaging: The final step after sieving is to package the sieved flour. To prevent moisture from entering the package, wrap it in thick nylon.
Sealing machine: This machine is used to seal the flour nylon.
HOW MUCH DOES A PLANTAIN FLOUR BUSINESS REQUIRE?
The amount needed for a plantain flour business is determined by the size of your production plan. If you want to start small, $100,000 will get you started. However, if you want to start the plantain flour business on a larger scale, #15,000,000 will suffice. On a larger scale, you can save money by using more hands to peel the plantain skin.
PLANTAIN FLOUR MATERIALS FOR USE ON A SMALL SCALE
Bowls, knives, bags, and a sealing machine
Peel the plantain and boil it for 2 hours. This is because the processes they will go through are not as rigorous as those of machines, so you will need to boil it for a long time to get a smoothly ground plantain with a nice texture.
Dry the peeled plantain pulp in the sun for a few days until it is completely dry. This will be a huge success during the dry season, and it will also be beneficial to people living in the north because of the weather.
Grind the dried pulp with a cassava grinding machine that can dry both the dried and wet grains.
To achieve size uniformity, filter the ground flour through a sieve.
Plantain flour should be packaged. You may not need to brand it right away; simply package it and sell it to neighbors, friends, and family until you can obtain a NAFDAC number.
The demand for plantain in general cannot be overstated. The consumption rate is high, making it a ready market for producers.
Find market men and women, food stores, restaurants, shopping malls, and supermarkets to sell to.
You can even export them, learn how to do it, and find foreign agents.
THE DIFFICULTIES OF THE PLANTAIN FLOOR BUSINESS
Every business faces unique challenges; for plantain flour, capital (funding) is the most significant.
NAFDAC registration number, the issue of how soon the registration can be closed, and for the small-scale, how long will they allow before clamping down on them. It can take up to three months to be fully registered with NAFDAC.
MORE PLANTAIN FLOUR COMPANIES ARE REQUIRED.
During my research, I discovered that the demand for plantain flour in Nigeria is estimated to be more than 200,000 tonnes per year. While the current supply is said to be less than 20%, I’ve been wondering why there aren’t plantain flour manufacturing companies in the south-south and south-east states, where plantain plantations are primarily grown due to favorable weather and soil conditions.
Lagos State is the primary location for this activity. Consider some of the companies involved: Unique Food Ventures, Ayoola Foods Limited, Lesgup Nigeria, and De Luxe Flour are all based in Lagos.
When your plantain flour business is fully established and you begin large-scale production, you will need to establish plantain farming to ensure constant raw material availability. It will also boost profit margins.
Farmers should be made more aware of the potential benefits of this business. Plantain appears to be in high demand among all crops that can be processed into flour, such as rice, beans, cassava, and so on.
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