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How To Start Vegetable Farming Business

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vegetable farming

Vegetables are the most consumed food in the globe. Their importance cannot be over emphasized. To live a normal and healthy life, you have to incorporate vegetable into your meal plans. In this article, you will learn how to start vegetable farming business, things needed, how to plant, water, apply manure and harvesting etc. Vegetables and fruits are the main alkaline diets that the body needs in other to stay healthy, strong and live a fulfilled life. It has gotten to a stage where everyone should be a farmer directly or indirectly. Is of no importance to misuse a land while food is a major challenge to many. Vegetable farming is one of those farming that bring return within a month after planting. It doesn’t entail huge space but if you have a huge area, there is no mistake in using it for vegetable farming. Anybody can start this business, it doesn’t require special qualification.

The sense in it is to plant that which people mostly purchase. You know that they are perishable crops, so put your money where you can gain more. Avoid vegetables that only few people are buying you can add it to other market moving vegetables. Dry season farming is very profitable. If you are contemplating going into the business, start it during the dry season as we now have hybrid vegetable seeds that can defy any condition, produce bountiful harvest within the shortest time.

HOW TO START VEGETABLE FARMING

It is very easy to start vegetable farming. The main thing is to compose vegetable farming strategy. Acquire a piece of land you can buy, rent for planting since vegetable is not economic tree that will decay before it depreciate. You can use containers or sack bags for vegetable growing. Also the recommended fertilizer application is organic manure; purchase good seeds for planting and get your equipment’s.

Read Also: HOW TO PREPARE EDIKANG IKONG SOUP

EQUIPMENT NEEDED FOR VEGETABLE FARMING

  • Machete
  • Spade
  • Hoe
  • Watering can
  • Hose
  • Bowls
  • Knife
  • Sacks
  • Manure
  • Pesticides
  • Well or bore hole

LAND REQUIREMENT

The land should be close to you because vegetables require adequate attention. The ideal type of soil for vegetable farming is sandy soil. You can add manure to the soil if it is not rich enough before planting

LAND PREPARATION

Clear the land and remove stump, clogs and stones. Make beds or ridges spread animal dungs on the beds two weeks before planting you can treat the soil to prevent pests and disease attacks on the vegetables

PLANTING

Vegetables can be planted either through stem or seeds like in pumpkin leaf, you plant them through seeds while water leaf is planted through stem. You can plant directly into the soil or transplant but it is not every vegetable that favours transplanting. Planting vegetables from seeds takes between 2-5 days before germination depending on the type you are planting.

FERTILIZER APPLICATION

The best ways to grow vegetable is by the use of organic manures such as compost, dung, pelleted woods such as those gotten from carpenters etc. The best manure to use is nitrogen. It can be more of nitrogen for leafy vegetables that produces seeds but you will have to stop using manure with nitrogen when they start bringing out flowers this is because nitrogen will make them to produce foliage.

Add manure to every phase in the growth of any vegetable plants. After the first manure which was added after land preparation and before planting, add again while flowering, fruiting, and rooting. Importantly add manure after every harvest.

IRRIGATION IN VEGETABLE FARMING BUSINESS

If you don’t have means of irrigating the farm, don’t bother starting but it is okay to do so during rainy season. Vegetables love water, their soil should constantly be moistened. Irrigate every morning and evening especially during dry season or when there is shortage of water. During raining season you may not need to water them because vegetables doesn’t accepts excess water for it will kill the stem from ground level. Drip irrigation is the best for vegetable farming.

MULCHING

Mulching will help to retain moisture in the soil and prevent direct heat from the sun hitting the vegetable scourge. You can mulch them with green leaves or mulching bags

PESTS AND DISEASE IN VEGETABLE FARMING

The pest that disturbs vegetables are hoppers, they like chewing the leaves, creating holes in them. Once a whole has been created in any leaf, the economic value of such leaf is reduced. Leaf spot is diseases that affect the leaves of vegetables, it also reduces their values. Plant hybrid seeds, observe crop rotation for crops like pepper okra and egg plant

HARVEST

Harvest is done when the leaves are fully grown, fruit, seedlings or pod has developed

USES OF VEGETABLES

  • Vegetables are used for garnishing food
  • Food preparation
  • Medicine
  • Juice
  • Treatment
  • Salad making
  • Snacks mixture etc.

In conclusion, vegetable farming is all season farming it will put money in your pocket all year round. Harvesting the crops is within the shortest time this means that you can plant some veggies more than 3 times a year e.g. cucumber you can combine more vegetables in the same farm land and make additional income for instance you can plant water leaf, pumpkin, bitter leaf in the same plot of land. The sum used in starting vegetable business is little but the profit is massive.

Read Also: 4 Excellent Ways To Advertise Your Business Post-Coronavirus Lockdown.

 

 

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How To Prepare Appetizing Peppered Snail

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How To Prepare Appetizing Peppered Snail

Snails have a tender texture and simple taste & absorb easily in any type of sauce you prepare them in. On this post, you will be taught how to prepare appetizing peppered snail.

How To Prepare Appetizing Peppered Snail

Recipe

  • 6 Medium scotch bonnet pepper
  • 4 Medium tomatoes
  • 1 Medium onions
  • 1 Slice green bell pepper
  • 4 Extra-large snails
  • Curry powder
  • Seasoning
  • Salt
  • Vegetable oil
  • Ugu leaves

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Procedure

  • How you wash your snails matters a lot. Your snail should be high-pitched spotless without mucus or odor.
  • Once you unshell the snail, wash off the first mucus off with alum twice before adding Garri on it and use the Garri to scrub every angle of the snail appropriately.
  • Throw out the Garri and wash the snail with clean water.
  • Pour the snail in a pot and add water before placing on the fire to boil
  • Throw out the water after boiling for 5 minutes,
  • Take away the snail and wash properly. After which you add salt to it and scrub properly. This is to avoid the odor linked with the snail
  • Pour the snail into a clean pot with water and pour little of the chopped onion, salt, seasoning and little curry powder then let it cook for 30-35minutes
  • Remove the snail from the stock after 35minutes,
  • Fry the snail
  • Blend the peppers tomato and left over onions then boil
  • Boil until the mixture is totally dried but not burnt
  • Drop a pan on the fire with vegetable oil and allow it to get hot
  • Add in the boiled tomato fry for 2minutes before adding salt, seasoning and little curry powder
  • Pour a little sliced Ugu leaf and fry up for 6 seconds
  • Add the hot fried snail and continue stir frying for 1 minute (the snail should go immediately into the pepper sauce immediately as its taken off the hot oil. this will let the pepper sauce enter the snail making it more delicious)

Read Also: How To Make Kuli Kuli (German Stone)

 

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How To Make Kuli Kuli (German Stone)

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How To Make Kuli Kuli (German Stone)

Kuli kuli is a West African Snack that is mainly derived from groundnut. The Nupe people of Nigeria were the first to make it. Kuli kuli is also known as German stones, the rock or peanut balls. On this post, we will learn how to make Kuli kuli (German stone)

Kuli kuli is frequently consumed alone or with a combination of cassava flakes. It is usually molded into various shapes and traded in see-through nylons and it remains a snack to eat any day, anytime.

How To Make Kuli Kuli (German Stone)

Recipe

  • 2 cups of groundnut
  • Groundnut oil and a tea spoon of ground pepper
  • ½ spoon of ginger powder
  • Potash (Optional)
  • Kitchen Utensils and Appliances Needed
  • food processor
  • Non sticky frying pot
  • Muslin cloth
  • Plastic bowl

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Procedure

  • Pour the groundnuts and ginger into the powerful food processor, and set to rotate until the nuts are almost turning to a pastry form.
  • Scoop the pasty nut into a clean and dry muslin cloth and press out the oil as much as you can. Don’t anticipate seeing a lot of oil. This step is very important as it decides how crispy the kulikuli will be.
  • Add the compressed peanut into a plastic bowl, pour the powdered pepper.
  • Combine the parts using your fingers and outline using your palms to your desired size.
  • Drop the non-sticky pan on cooker and pour enough groundnut oil to fry the balls. You can also add potash and onion to provide flavor into the oil but it is optional.
  • Before the temperature of the oil arrives a frying point, pour the shaped balls into it and keep turning until all sides of the balls transforms to brown.
  • Bring out the kuli kuli into a plate and let it cool.

Read Also How To Prepare Isi-Ewu (Goat Head Soup)

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How To Prepare Isi-Ewu (Goat Head Soup)

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How To Prepare Isi-Ewu Goat Head Soup

Isi ewu, goat head soup is a dish from Igbo land of Eastern Nigeria. Just like Nkwobi (cow foot), Isi ewu is more tasty for the addition of the fatty brain of the goat. On this post, you will learn how to prepare isi-ewu (goat head soup)

How To Prepare Isi-Ewu (Goat Head Soup)

Recipe

  • One goat head
  • 2 Onions
  • 2-3 roasted calabash nutmeg,
  • 4 pieces of habanero peppers (Ata rodo),
  • Seasoning cubes
  • Salt to taste.
  • 200ml of Palm oil
  • Water
  • Thyme, curry and potash (Kaun)
  • Ground crayfish
  • Utazi leaves

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Note: The utazi leaf is added to enhance some bitter taste to the Isi-Ewu whereas potash (kaun) is added to make the palm oil thicken up.

Preparations

  • Chop your goat head into tiny bits .
  • Rinse the whole meat properly after using foam and hard sponge to scrub dirt mainly in the ears and tongue part.
  • Rinse and cut the fresh utazi leaves into little pieces
  • Soak a tea spoon of potash or kaun in a little quantity of water and allow it melt properly before filtering the water
  • Rind, rinse and cut one onion into ring shape and keep aside.
  • Grind the onion and pepper into pasty form. pour just a small quantity of water if it’s necessary you want to grind.
  • Drop the goat meat portions into a big pot and place on a cooker
  • Pour a little quantity of water sufficient to cook the meat, because there is no need for stock water.
  • Pour the two cube seasonings, each spoon of thyme and curry & cook for at least 20 minutes.
  • Add salt and let it cook for up to 10 minutes. When the meat pieces are soft enough, keep separately
  • In a different pot, pour palm oil, the sieved water of potash gently into the pot containing palm oil and mix using a wooden spatula until the oil goes totally yellow.
  • Pour 2 table spoons of crayfish and mix.
  • Pour the grounded (Ehu seeds) calabash nut Meg, grinded onions and pepper (to taste) and a small amount of sliced utazi leaves.
  • Pour the prepared goat head meat bits into this mixture and mix properly.
  • Allow it cook for little minutes under low temperature until it is intensely hot.

In most Nigerian eateries, Isi Ewu is served in a calabash or any woody material with a little amount of onion and some portions of fresh Utazi leaves on it. This makes it very natural and colorful.

Read Also:How To Prepare Delectable Ofada Stew (Ayamase)

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